RLM Colour Formulas

These recipes have been collected from various sources around the web and Tamiya instructions.  There are duplicates in the list and sometimes they conflict with each other. So... you're mileage may very.  Some of these are probably older mixes and new color releases have superseded the need for that particular color mix. 


LUFTWAFFE
RLM 02--> XF22:1 + XF49:1 or just XF-22
RLM 65--> XF23:1 + XF2:1
RLM 71--> XF62:1 + XF49:1
RLM 74--> XF24:3 + XF27:2
RLM 75--> XF24:5 + XF50:1
RLM 76--> XF2:7 + XF23:1 + XF66:2
RLM 79--> XF59:3 + XF64:1
RLM 80--> XF58
RLM 81--> XF51:1 + XF64:2
RLM 82--> XF5 or XF5:1 + XF2:1 or XF5:1 +XF3:1 (Bright Green)
RLM 83--> XF61 or XF24:1 + XF51:1 or XF24:1 +XF51:1 (Dark Green)

Tamiya instruction sheets: 
LUFTWAFFE 

RLM 02:- XF22:1 + XF49:1 or just XF-22 
RLM 65:- XF23:1 + XF2:1 
RLM 70: XF27 
RLM 71:- XF62:1 + XF49:1 
RLM 74:- XF24:3 + XF27:2 
RLM 75:- XF24:5 + XF50:1 
RLM 76:- XF2:7 + XF23:1 + XF66:2 
RLM 79:- XF59:3 + XF64:1 
RLM 80:- XF58 
RLM 81:- XF51:1 + XF64:2 
RLM 82:- XF5 or XF5:1 + XF2:1 or XF5:1 +XF3:1 (Bright Green) 
RLM 83:- XF61 or XF24:1 + XF51:1 (Dark Green) 
RLM 78:-	XF-23:4 and XF-50:1 


From other modelers: 

RLM 71 XF 61 Dark Green Straight 


RLM 78 is a close match to FS 35414. Use Tamiya XF23 light blue and add white. I think the formula I have is 3 parts XF23 to 1 part XF2. 


RLM 02: XF22:1 + XF49:1 + XF2:2 
RLM 65: XF23:2 + XF2:1 
RLM 66: XF24 Straight from the bottle. 
RLM 70: XF27 Straight from the bottle. Add a drop of black to darken if desired. 
RLM 71: XF62:1 + XF49:1 or XF61:3 + XF2:1 or XF81 straight from the bottle. 
RLM 74: XF24:3 + XF27:2 
RLM 75: XF24:5 + XF50:1 
RLM 76: XF2:7 + XF23:1 + XF66:2 
RLM 78: XF23:4 + XF50:1 
RLM 79: XF59:3 + XF64:1 
RLM 80: XF58:6 + XF2:1 
RLM 81: XF51:1 + XF64:2 OR Dunkelgrun = XF61:4 + XF2:1 (FS34096) 
RLM 82: XF5:1 +XF3:1 (Bright Green) 
RLM 83: XF5 Straight from the bottle. 


RAF:
INTERIOR GREEN---> XF5:1 + XF21:3 + XF65:1
DARK GREEN--> XF58:1 + XF62:5
DARK EARTH--> XF52:1 + XF64:1
OCEAN GRAY--> XF18:1 + XF21:2 + XF24:2
MIDSTONE------> XF59:1 + XF60:1
SKY----------------> XF21
MED. SEA GRAY--> XF19:3 + XF54:5
AZURE BLUE---> X16:2 + XF2:10 + XF18:5



FAA COLORS
Extra Dark Sea Grey: To 50 parts of XF24 (dark grey), add 6 parts XF2 (white), and 3 parts XF8 (flat blue).

Dark Slate Grey: To one bottle of XF22 (RLM Grey), add 35 drops of XF7 (red), and 125 drops of XF1 (flat black).
or
T:XF-11 + 63?


"RLM Grey" (XF-22) is a good match for "Slate Grey", used for RAF Coastal Command finishes, as well as Fleet Air Arm colors.


"Dark Sea Grey" (XF-54) is a good match for "Dark Sea Grey," used for Coastal Command and FAA camouflages. This is also good for the US "Equivalent Color" for "Ocean Grey" ANA 603, used on Mustang IIIs, etc.

'"RLM Gray" (XF-22) for "Slate Grey"

“Light Sea Grey” (XF-25) for "Light Sea Grey" 

"Sky" (XF-21) - I think this is the most accurate version of this color.

"Sky Grey" (XF-19) is perfect for the "Sky Grey" color used on FAA aircraft before they went with the "Sky" lower surfaces, also for the US "Equivalent Color" used for ANA 602

"Medium Grey" (XF-20) is good as "Sea Grey Medium," the lower surface camouflage for RAF aircraft after 1941. 



Here are Tamiya mixes to reproduce some Federal Standards (FS) Colors.
Last updated: 2012-08-11



The hyperlink included with the colors sends you to the Federal Standard 595 Color Server website to give you an idea of how the colors look.

The mix ratios are by parts, i.e. XF2:1 means XF2 Flat White 1 part (1 drop or 1 gallon, the mix stays the same)

Warning: Several mixes I've tested myself (those with an *) but most of them come from Tamiya instructions, articles found in magazines and the web. I find them good but these are in no way definitive. They serve as a general guide that you can modify to taste.

Scale effect: for those who believe, the smaller the scale, the lighter the colors. Thes mixes are formulated for 1/32 but you can add XF2:1 for 1/48 or XF2:2 for 1/72 as a start. Lighten to taste.

Browns X0XXX

*30051 US NATO Brown CARC 383 -- XF10:6+ XF69:1 
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=30051

20061 -- Tea Brown (WW2 Japan Propeller) -- X9 Brown:6 + XF7 Red:3 + XF1:1
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=20061

30070 -- RAL 8017 WW2 German Red Grown -- XF-64:8 + XF-49:2
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=30070

30075 -- XF79
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=30075

30108 -- Red Brown -- XF-10
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=30108

30111 -- XF68:3 + XF2:1
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=30111

30117[/color] – MERDC Brown -- XF64:1 + XF2:1
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=30117

[b]30118 – RAF DARK EARTH 
*Mix 1--XF-52:1 + XF64:1 + XF-2:1 
*Mix 2--XF-52 (Tamiya Spitfire VIII 1/32 instruction)
*Mix 3--XF-52:4 + XF-3:2+ XF-51:1 + XF-2:1 
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=30118 

30140 -- XF52:1 + XF64:1 (Tamiya F-16 Agg 1/48 Instructions)
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=30140

*30145 -- XF52
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=30145

*30219 -- RLM 79 -- XF59:6 + XF64:2 + XF2:1 
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=30219

30257 –- Australian Army 
*Mix 1 -- XF52:2 + XF15:2 + XF2:1
*Mix 2 -- (MERDC Pale Brown) -- XF-52:1 + XF57:8 
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=30257

30266 – RAF MIDSTONE -- XF59:1 + XF60:1+ XF-2:1
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=30266

30277 -- MERDC Sand -- XF57:4 + XF63:1
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=30277

30279 -- XF79:9 +XF7:1
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=30279

30318 -- XF57
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=30318

30400 -- XF15:1 + XF2:1 + XF59:1 (Tamiya F-16 Agg 1/48 Instructions)
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=30400

Reds X1XXX

*FS 31668 -- PRU Pink -- XF9:1 + XF7:1 + XF2:9
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=31668

Oranges X2XXX

22300 -- Orange-yellow japan (trainer/experimental) -- X8:18 + X7:1 
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=22300

32519 -- XF15:3 + XF55:1 
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=32519

Yellows X3XXX

33245 -- RAL 8000 WW2 German Africa Yellow -- XF-49:8 + X-6:1 + XF-2:2
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=33245

33303 -- XF60:3 + XF2:1
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=33303

33481 -- RAL 7028 WW2 German Dark Yellow -- XF60:7 + XF2:3
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=33481

33522 -- RAL 7028 End of war -- XF-20:1 + XF-2:4 + 1 tiny drop of red
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=33522

Greens X4XXX

34036 -- Nakajima Dark Green (Navy) -- XF11:5 + XF2:1
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=34036

34050 -- RLM 70 -- XF27:4 + XF2:1
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=34050

34052 -- RLM 80 -- XF58:6 + XF2:1
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=34052

34056 -- WW2 Soviet -- XF-61:7 + XF-60:3
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=34056

34058 -- (Tamiya F-16 Agg 1/48 Instruction) -- XF-70
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=34058

34077 -- J.A. Green -- XF-13
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=34077

34079 -- RAF DARK GREEN 
*Mix 1 -- XF58:1 + XF62:5 + XF-2:1
*Mix 2 -- New Tamiya Color: Dark Green 2 (RAF)-- XF-81
*Mix 3 -- RLM 71 -- XF62:1 + XF49:1 + XF2:1
*Mix 4 -- XF61:1 + XF65:1 + XF2:1
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=34079

34083 -- RAL 6003 WW2 German Dark Green -- XF-61:7 + XF-60:3
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=34083

34084 -- RLM 74 -- XF24:2 + XF-51:1 + XF27:1 + XF2:4 
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=34084

34086 -- RLM 74 (variation) -- XF24:2 + XF27:1 + XF2:3 
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=34086

34088 
Mix 1 -- RLM 81 -- XF61:5 + XF-7:1 + XF2:2
Mix 2 -- WW2 UK+Canada Armor -- XF-62:6 + XF-49:4
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=34088

34092
Mix 1 -- Medium Green USAAF -- XF13:1 + XF2:1
Mix 2 -- XF26:3 +XF2:1
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=34092

*34094 -- CARC 383 Nato Green -- XF-67
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=34094

34096 -- Dark Green
Mix 1 -- Mitsubishi Dark Green -- X5:5 + XF3:3 + X3:2
*Mix 2 -- WW2 US Armor --XF62:4 + XF49:1
*Mix 3 -- RLM 81 -- XF61:4 + XF2:1
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=34096

*34097 -- RLM 83 -- XF62:4 + XF2:1
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=34097

*34098 -- Cougar/Grizzly/Husky -- XF67:3 + XF59:2
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=34098

*34102 -- Forest Green -- XF5:3 + XF13:3 + XF2:1
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=34102

*34110 -- France Nato Green -- XF5
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=34110

34128 -- Australian Army -- XF-62:3 + XF-52:3 + XF-2:1
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=34128

34138 -- RLM 82 -- XF5:1 + XF3:1 + XF2:1 
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=34138

34151 -- Loam Green MERDC -- XF5:1 + XF57:3
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=34151

*34159 -- XF73:3 + XF2:1
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=34159

*34172 -- Cougar Grizzly Husky -- XF70:1 + XF59:3
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=34172

*34201 -- XF-49:3 + XF2:1 
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=34201

34227 -- RAF INTERIOR GREEN (vert intérieur) 
*Mix 1 -- XF-71:1 + XF-21:1 + XF-2:1
Mix 2 -- XF5:1 + XF-21:3 + XF-65:1 + XF-2:1
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=34227

34255 -- Nakajima Interior grey-Green -- XF2:9 + X1:3 + X5:3 + X8:2 
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=34255

34424 -- RLM 84 -- XF14
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=34424 

34432 -- RLM 84 Variation -- XF12
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=34432 

*34504 -- RAF SKY -- XF-21:1 + XF-2:1
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=34504

Blues X5XXX

15042 – USN Glossy Sea Blue ANA 623 -- XF-17:1 + XF-8:1
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=15042

35045 – USN NON-SPEC. SEA BLUE ANA 607 -- XF-17:5 + XF-8:3 + XF-2:2
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=35045

35052 -- XF8:9 + XF7:1
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=35052

35109 -- XF8:3 + XF2:4 (Tamiya F-16 Agg 1/48 Instruction)
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=35109

35164 – USN INTERMEDIATE BLUE ANA 608 -- XF18:5 + XF-2:3
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=35164

35189 – USN BLUE-GREY -- XF18:1 + XF-2:1
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=35189

35190 – PRU BLUE -- XF18:1 + X14:2 +XF-2:2
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=35190

35231 – RAF AZURE BLUE 
*Mix 1-- X16:2 + XF-2:4 
*Mix 2-- XF-8:1 + XF-2:3 (Tamiya Spit VIII 1/32 instructions)
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=35231

35237 
*Mix 1 -- XF-66:1 + XF-19:1 + XF-2:2 + 
*Mix 2 -- CF-18 -- XF66:1 + XF54:1 + XF2:2 
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=35237

35250 -- XF8:5 + XF19:1 + XF2:5 
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=35250

35352 -- RLM 65 -- XF23:4+ XF2:1
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=35352

35414 -- RLM 78 -- XF23:5 + XF54:1 + XF2:2
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=35414 

35450 -- X14:1 + XF2:6 (Tamiya F-16 Agg 1/48 Instructions)
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=35450

35488 -- SU-27 -- XF8:5 + XF19:1 + XF2:10 
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=35488

35526 -- XF8:1 + XF2:10 (Tamiya F-16 Agg 1/48 Instruction)
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=35526

35622 -- RLM 76 and 84(blue variation) 
*Mix 1 -- XF18:1 + XF24:5 + XF2:10
*Mix 2 -- XF23:1 + XF2:3 (Tamiya F-16 Agg 1/48 Instruction)
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=35622

Greys X6XXX

36008 -- XF-63:9 + XF19:1
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=36008

36081 -- RAL 7021 Gris Panzer Allemand 1 (Dark) -- XF-63:7 + XF-60:3
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=36081

36118
*Mix 1-- RLM 74 -- XF-24:10 + X-14:1 + XF-2:1
*Mix 2-- RAL 7021 German Panzer Grey 2 (Pale) --XF-63:7 + XF-2:3
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=36118

36122 -- RLM 75 -- XF66:6+XF7:2+XF18:1+ XF2:2
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=36122

36152 – RAF OCEAN GRAY 
*Mix 1-- XF18:1 + XF-21:2 + XF24:2 + XF-2:1
*Mix 2-- New Tamiya Color: Ocean Gray 2 (RAF)-- XF-82
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=36152

36165 -- RLM 02- FS 36165 -- XF22:1 + XF49:1 + XF2:2
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=36165

*36173 -- (Perfect for C-17 1/144) -- XF-54:3 + XF-24:1 + XF-2:4 
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=36173

36176 -- XF-66:3 + XF-2:1
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=36176

36231 -- XF-83:1 + XF-66:1 + XF-54:1 + XF-2:3
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=36231

36251 -- XF-83:3 + XF-2:1
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=36251

36270
*Mix 1-- XF54:6 + XF66:1 + XF2:6
*Mix 2-- RAF MEDIUM SEA GRAY -- XF-19:3 + XF-54:5 + XF-2:1
*Mix 3-- New Tamiya Color: Medium Sea Gray 2 (RAF) -- XF-83
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=36270

36314 -- XF-19
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=36314

36320
*Mix 1-- XF-66:1 + XF-54:1 + XF-2:3
*Mix 2-- XF19 (Tamiya F-16 Agg 1/48 Instructions)
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=36320

36375 Light Ghost Grey
*Mix 1-- XF-19:1 + XF-2:3 
*Mix 2-- CF-18 -- XF19:1 + XF54:1 + XF2:4 
*Mix 3-- Mitsubishi Light Gray FS26375 -- XF2:18 + XF1:1
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=36375

36440 Light Gull Grey
*Mix 1 -- XF-19:1 + XF-80:1 + XF-2:2
*Mix 2 -- USN LIGHT GREY -- XF-19:2 + XF-2:1 (add a tiny drop of yellow)
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=36440

36473 Light Aircraft Grey - RLM 76 -- XF23:1 + XF66:2 + XF2:7
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=36473

36495 -- XF19:1 + XF2:4
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=36495

36622 -- XF80:2 + XF2:7
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=36628

36628 -- XF80:1 + XF2:4
http://www.colorserver.net/showcolor.asp?fs=36628


ome Tamiya Mixes from Tamiya kit instructions:

RAF

INTERIOR GREEN:- XF5:1 + XF21:3 + XF65:1 
DARK GREEN:- XF58:1 + XF62:5 
DARK EARTH:- XF52:1 + XF64:1 
OCEAN GRAY:- XF18:1 + XF21:2 + XF24:2 
MIDSTONE:- XF59:1 + XF60:1 
SKY:- XF21 
MED. SEA GRAY:- XF19:3 + XF54:5 
AZURE BLUE:- X16:2 + XF2:10 + XF18:5 







AS6 Olive Drab  =  XF-62

AS7 Neutral Gray  =  XF-53

AS8 Navy Blue  =  XF-17:5 + XF-8:3 + XF-2:2

AS9 Dark Green  =  XF-58:1 + XF-62:5

AS10 Ocean Gray  =  XF-18:1 + XF-21:2 + XF-24:2

AS11 Medium Sea Gray  =  XF-19:3 + XF-54:5

AS12 Bare-Metal Silver

AS13 Green

AS14 Olive Green

AS15 Tan

AS16 Light Gray

AS17 Dark Green (IJA)

AS18 Light Gray (IJA)

AS19 Intermediate Blue (U.S.Navy) =  XF-18:5 + XF-2:4

AS20 Insignia White (U.S.Navy)  =  XF-2:10 + XF-55:1

AS21 Dark Green 2 (IJN)

AS22 Dark Earth  =  XF-52:1 + XF-64:1